The Pelican History of Medieval Europe by Maurice Keen: Dot Points

‘One must look behind the words of the texts to the meanings that were in their authors’ minds. Words are imprecise, and their imprecision gives the colour of unreal contradiction. Logic will show what cannot be reconciled: analysis in terms not of words but of the true meaning will open the way to reconciliation.’

References methods set out by Abelard in his prologue to Sic et Non, as quoted in Keen, Medieval History, 98.

Even new ideas were coloured by scholars’ innate beliefs in the reality of Christian philosophies.43

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Chapter 8: Emigration to cities + increased commerce + improved, systematic education = revolution in government.44 I had difficulties concentrating on this chapter, though, so I may have missed something in this summary.

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‘Before the time of the crusades, the Holy Land was known to the Christians of the west almost solely as a place of pilgrimage. Until the middle of the eleventh century, those who made the journey thither could travel through lands governed by Christians for all but the last stretch of it.’45

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The first crusaders to reach Asia were peasants led by Peter the Hermit & Walter the Penniless, and massacred Jews on route. They were followed by several, more organised, armies.46


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Categories: Impressions

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  1. What Were the Crusades? (Fourth Edition) by Jonathan Riley-Smith: Dot Points – Rafferty's Rules
  2. The Crusades (Videos) – Rafferty's Rules

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