France: Reign of Philip IV: Establishment of the Estates General.62
So the tax free status enjoyed by religious institutions can be traced back to Pope Boniface VIII?63
Specie65: Noun — Money in the form of coins rather than notes.66
Simoniac67: Noun — A member of the clergy engaging in simony (the buying or selling of ecclesiastical privileges).68
And we finally reach the Black Death!
Black Death = labour shortages = attempts to legislate low prices; wages; ability to leave occupation in search of better pay = riots & peasant revolts.69
These were contributory, rather than direct, causes.
Parallels with today? Covid raising tensions — capitol riots in US — attempts to (temporarily?) lower wage and working conditions in Australia.
Loss of simbiotic relations between lords and labourers; rise of exploitation and class divisions.70